Do Dental Implants Have a High Success Rate?

Dental implants are one of the most successful restorative procedures in dentistry, with studies showing a five-year success rate of around 95% for lower jaw implants and 90% for upper jaw implants. A dental implant is a surgical component that interacts with the jawbone or skull to support a dental prosthesis, such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis, or to act as an orthodontic anchor. Although it has become the treatment of choice for most dentists, the complications resulting from the placement of dental implants are the biggest challenge. The success rate of upper jaw implants varies due to its lower density than the lower jaw, making osseointegration more difficult.

However, with proper dental care, the success rate of dental implants has increased to 98%. Dental implants have become a new treatment modality for most patients and are expected to play an important role in oral rehabilitation in the future. They offer long-term or lifelong benefits depending on postoperative care and dental hygiene. The physical dimensions of the dental implant will affect the chances of successful osseointegration and the stability of the implant.

A study conducted at the DY Patil Dental College Department of Prosthodontics in Pune evaluated several factors that affect the survival rate of dental implants. Parameters such as name, age, gender, implant length, implant diameter, implant location, and bone quality were recorded. The maximum number of implant failures (5) was observed in the age group over 60 years (men: 550, women: 700). Contraindications for implant placement include patients with epilepsy, children and adolescents, patients with endocarditis, a history of osteoradionecrosis, smokers and diabetic patients.

Despite advances in dental care, tooth loss is becoming commonplace due to an increase in junk food consumption and poor dental hygiene. Studies have shown that 90 to 95% of implants work properly after 10 years. It was concluded that factors such as the design and surface of the implant, the state of the implant placement site, the surgical technique and the occlusal load affect osseointegration. In addition, with dental implants it is not necessary to alter healthy teeth as you would with other dental prostheses like bridges.

The tooth root implant is a small post made of titanium that is placed in the bone cavity of the missing tooth.

Noah Williams
Noah Williams

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