What is the Most Common Implant Material?

The most popular implant components are made of titanium or a titanium alloy, and now there are many people around the world who have had their titanium implants for many years. In this era, synthetic polymers, ceramics and metal alloys began to replace materials of natural origin because they have better performance and more predictable results than natural ones. Metals have biomechanical properties that make them suitable as an implant material. In addition to these properties, metals are also easy to process and have a good finish.

Metal implants can be sterilized using the common sterilization procedure, making them easy to use. However, due to advances over time and low success rates with metals (gold, stainless steel, cobalt-chrome), these materials have now become obsolete and are now being replaced by newer ones. Titanium (Ti) and its alloys (mainly Ti-6Al-4V) have become the metals of choice for dental implants. However, the prosthetic components of the implants are still made of gold alloys, stainless steel, and cobalt-chrome and nickel-chrome alloys.

Stainless steel alloys are used for orthopedic and implant devices. Iron-based alloys are used for the blade, the branch frame, the stabilizing bolts and some mucosal inserts. The alloy is more prone to pitting corrosion and care must be taken when using it and maintaining the condition of the passivated surface (rust), since this alloy contains nickel as its main element. Its use in allergic patients should be avoided.

They have high galvanic potential and resistance to corrosion, which can cause galvanic coupling and biocorrosion, if titanium, cobalt, zirconium or carbon implant biomaterials are used. Ceramics were used for surgical implant devices because of their inert behavior and their good strength and physical properties, such as minimal thermal and electrical conductivity. Certain properties of ceramics, such as low ductility and brittleness, have limited the use of ceramics. Titanium and zirconium alloys with between 13 and 17% zirconium (TiZR131) have better mechanical attributes, such as greater elongation and resistance to fatigue, than pure titanium.

Titanium and zirconium do not prevent the growth of osteoblasts, which are essential for osseointegration. Straumann developed Roxolid, which meets the requirements of dental implantologists and is 50% stronger than pure titanium. For many years, all dental implants were made of a metal called titanium. However, with the advances in modern dentistry, they can now be derived from other materials.

Dental health experts have conducted extensive research on these materials to understand how their physical and chemical properties affect their clinical applications. To this day, titanium dental implants remain the most commonly used material due to their advantages over other materials. One of the main benefits of using titanium implants is that it does not alter the jaw structure when placed in the mouth. This allows bone to grow next to the implant as it would with a natural tooth, allowing it to last longer.

The content of this article is clinically significant and will be useful for readers to make a decision when choosing an implant system. The biggest benefit of this procedure is that the implant will not look any different from other natural teeth and will support oral health for years to come. The literature also lacks information on how material properties affect success or failure rates of implants as well as their effects on surrounding tissues. Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is often used in total knee arthroplasty implants as well as many total hip arthroplasty implants.

Polyethylene is a porous synthetic polymer that is biologically inert and does not degrade in the body; making it a popular choice for medical implants. Many patients are concerned about metal allergy or introducing metal into their body; making zirconium implants an excellent metal-free option. J Greenfield also introduced the concept of submerged implants, healing tissue and immobility of dental implants in 1890 Zamenski reported on porcelain, guttapercha and rubber teeth implantation while R in 1898 laid down foundations for this field with his research work. The current popularity of implants in dentistry is attributed to these advances in modern dentistry which allowed them to be derived from other materials such as silicone which is used for tracheal stents due to its inert behavior.

Noah Williams
Noah Williams

Friendly internet specialist. Passionate pop culture maven. Certified web lover. Incurable travel fanatic. Professional web advocate. Freelance zombie evangelist.