What Materials are Used for Dental Implants?

The two main materials used for dental implants are titanium and zirconia. There is a great deal of research and testing to develop new materials for implants, including chemical and physical properties. Titanium or zirconium are the most commonly used materials in dental post-implantation. The implant post is screwed into the jaw and serves as the base for the new tooth.

The material must have the right toughness and strength and be biocompatible, meaning that it looks like the human body and can fuse with the jaw naturally. The first modern dental implants were made of titanium, a strong and lightweight material that fuses well with human bone. This process is known as “biocompatibility”. Dental implants made of titanium have a 95 percent success rate, according to the Oral Health Foundation, and can last a lifetime with a proper oral care routine.

Titanium dental implants are generally considered the gold standard. They are strong, durable and resistant to wear and corrosion. This material creates a permanent bond with the bone, which provides the restoration with a high degree of stability. Titanium is also an affordable option, which is important when placing dental implants already involves a lot of costs.

In recent years, advances in biomaterials have led to the development of new materials for dental implants, such as zirconia, roxolid and titanium implants with modified surfaces. Polymethacrylate and other polymers are sometimes used for dental implants, but they are not as durable as titanium and zirconia. Carbon-silicon and other types of ceramics can also be used in dental implants, but because ceramic is brittle, it's not considered as strong or durable as traditional implant materials. The literature also lacks the effect of material properties on the success and failure of implants and their effects on the tissues surrounding the implants.

J. Greenfield also introduced the concept of submerged implantation, healing tissue and the immobility of dental implants. Between these two periods, a variety of polymers have been used as dental implants, including ultra-high molecular weight polyurethane, polyamide, polymethylmethacrylate resin, polytetrafluoroethylene and polyurethane. Straumann developed Roxolid, which meets the requirements of dental implantologists and is 50% stronger than pure titanium.

The properties of these materials make them superior to previous ones in terms of strength, durability, biocompatibility and affordability. These properties, combined with high modulus of elasticity and especially with resistance to fatigue and fracture, have resulted in specialized design requirements for this class of biomaterials. The C phase of pure zirconia can be stabilized by adding CaO, MgO and Y2O3 (yttrium), resulting in a multiphase material called partially stabilized zirconia (PSZ) that combines cubic, monoclinic and tetragonal phases in order of importance. Research on polymethacrylate dental replica implants led Milton Hodosh to develop the concept of a polymer dental implant.

This is the property of the implant material to show a favorable response in a given biological environment in a particular function. They are not restorations that are attached to dental implants to replace the visible part of the tooth. Dental implants are the accessories that are implanted in the jaw to replace the roots of missing teeth.

Noah Williams
Noah Williams

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